Crassus’ involvement in this war not only brought him glory and money but also forged his reputation for greed: His soldiers complained to Sulla that Crassus would not share the significant spoils he had accrued in the course of the conflict. 7) Marcus Licinius Crassus (lived from 115 BC to 53 BC) – Peak wealth: $169.8 billion A guy who pretty much met all the despicable qualifications, and on top of that was the one to defeat Spartacus – Crassus was easily the most richest Roman during his period; a time which included exalted names like Julius Caesar and Pompey. type: 'profile', As a part of his agreement with Crassus and Pompey, Caesar took command of Roman forces in Gaul when his consulship was up. Crassus, who was about 60, still craved military glory and set his sights on Parthia, an eastern empire in Mesopotamia, and its king, Orodes II. My first thought was, that's not a phrase, at least in the proverbial sense, and the author is mixing up Crassus … According to several sources, Crassus would rush to a burning building, buy it from the owner, then order his slave-labor firefighters to put out the fire. rpp: 6, tweets: { Crassus’ generosity served an important political purpose. Military glory had eluded the wealthiest man in Rome. Crassus: How did he become so wealthy? Fabulously wealthy. As a result, he amassed a huge fortune and became powerful and well-known on the strength of his wealth. Crassus provided Caesar with money to cancel his debts, and Caesar later used his influences to boost the political career of his ally. He formed a fire brigade and turned up wherever there was a fire in Rome offering to put the fire out if the house owner first sold him his house at a low price. Despite the tensions, both were elected to a joint consulship in 70 B.C., but their personal enmity made it an uneasy partnership. width: 120, But ... Crassus was at liberty to collect the debt any time. Crassus was known in Rome as Dives, meaning "The Rich". The eldest brother Publius (born c. 116 BC) died shortly before the Italic War, and Crassus' father and younger brother were either slain or took their own lives in Rome, in wint… Combine that through slave trafficking and silver mines, gave Crassus a fortune estimated by Pliny at 200 million sestertii, or about 8.5 billion in today’s dollars. Soon he also became the financial patron of Julius Caesar, supporting him in his election to become the Pontifex Maximum. The Parthians would now become one of Rome’s most powerful enemies for the next few centuries; all this stemming from the avarice of Crassus and the critical decisions that doomed his campaign. There was the fire department that others mentioned and the buying of properties at very low prices of proscribed Romans. "The Death of Marcus Licinius Crassus" shows Crassus before gold is poured down his throat. He was the second of three sons born to the eminent senator and vir triumphalis Publius Licinius Crassus (consul 97, censor 89 BC). In the mid-first century BCE, Crassus was the proconsul of Syria, and as a result, he had become enormously wealthy. Crassus fled from Rome when Gaius Marius captured the city in 87. Crassus was killed in the fighting. }, Ancient History: Apr 17, 2020: Ptolemy vs Marcus Crassus: a contrast: Ancient History: May 3, 2017: What if Marcus Licinius Crassus lived? This line was not descended from the wealthy Crassi Divites, although often assumed to be. It is believed that Crassus expanded his personal fortune to 170 million sesterces, while Pliny the Elder surmised his fortune to be valued even higher, at 200 million sesterces. The face of King Orodes II adorns this Parthian coin from the first century B.C. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/history/magazine/2019/05-06/crassus-romes-richest-man.html, How Julius Caesar started a big war by crossing a small stream, Romans prized these jewels more than diamonds. var stampmonths = new Array( "January","February","March","April","May","June","July","August","September","October","November","December"); He was sixty years old, and it had been 20 years since he had participated in a battle. interval: 30000, There was, however, one exception to this principle: his rival, Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, better known as Pompey or Pompey the Great. It is worth mentioning that in the half of the 1st century BCE in Rome, there were no fire fighting services. The whole Mediterranean world was, in fact, at the mercy of the Roman nobility and of a new class of Roman businessmen, the equites (“knights”), which had grown rich on military contracts and on tax farming. 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